Energy and Emissions Profile for Nether Providence Township, Delaware County, PA

Introduction

In 2018, the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission completed a regional energy use and greenhouse gas emissions inventory for the nine-county DVRPC region. As part of this inventory, DVRPC allocated both energy use and greenhouse gas emissions to individual counties and municipalities based on 2015 data. Please note that not all sectors were allocated to the municipal level, including aviation, freight rail, and intercity rail. The chart on page 20 of the Methods and Sources document indicates which sectors are allocated to the municipal level, and a general assessment of the quality of that allocation. This report gathers the municipally allocated energy usage, greenhouse gas emissions, and energy expenditure information for Nether Providence Township in an easy-to-read document intended to support local decision-making.

This report is meant to serve as a starting point for municipal policy-making. More detailed local analysis can improve on this inventory and reveal particular opportunities for efficiency improvements and emission reductions in both the public and private sector. DVRPC's Office of Energy & Climate Change Initiatives can provide additional guidance and assistance in performing this local analysis. This report will be updated with new data upon completion of DVRPC's energy use and emissions inventory for 2020.

Nether Providence Township

Nether Providence Township is classified by DVRPC as a Developed Community. A Developed Community is characterized by stability of population and employment growth. Examples include inner ring communities adjacent to core cities, railroad boroughs or trolley car communities, and mature suburban townships.

In 2015, 13,808 people lived in Nether Providence Township, comprising 5,109 households. The median household income in Nether Providence Township was $104,000, and 4,630 jobs were located in Nether Providence Township.

DVRPC estimates that Nether Providence Township consumed 1,260 billion BTUs (BBTUs) of energy in stationary (e.g., home heating) and mobile (e.g., automobile travel) applications. The total cost of the energy used in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors and for on-road vehicle travel is estimated to be $25,500,000. Combustion of fuels to produce the energy consumed in Nether Providence Township, in combination with non-energy sources of greenhouse gases, resulted in the release of 99,300 metric tons of CO2 equivalent (MTCO2e). Of sectors for which data is available and able to be allocated to the municipal level, the residential sector consumed the most energy, consuming 613 BBTUs of energy. The residential sector also produced the most emissions, emitting 44,900 MTCO2e. Energy use, energy expenditures, and GHG emissions by sector are shown in the three bar graphs below.

Energy Use By Sector

Sector Energy Use (BBTU) %
Residential 613 49%
Commercial & Industrial 217 17%
Mobile-Highway 421 33%
Mobile-Transit 7 1%
Total 1,258 100%

Energy Expenditures By Sector

Sector Expenditures (Dollars) %
Residential 12,519,733 49%
Industrial & Commercial 4,147,117 16%
Mobile-Highway 8,839,453 35%
Mobile-Transit N/A 0%
Total $25,506,303 100%

GHG Emissions by Sector

Sector Emissions (MTCO2e.) %
Residential 44,921 45%
Industrial & Commercial 19,014 19%
Mobile-Highway 32,555 33%
Mobile-Transit 760 1%
Non-Energy GHG 2,017 2%
Total 99,267 100%

Residential Energy Usage and Emissions

Natural gas provided the most energy for the residential sector in Nether Providence Township in terms of BTUs consumed. The residential sector used a total of 2,950,000 CCFs or 310 BBTUs of natural gas. Electricity was the largest source of Nether Providence Township's GHG emissions by the residential sector, resulting in 18,100 MTCO2e. of emissions. Of energy sources for which price data was available, electricity consumption resulted in the highest energy expenditures, costing users $6,480,000.

Energy Use By Source

Energy Source Energy Use (BBTUs)* %
Electricity 162 26%
Natural Gas 310 51%
Fuel Oil 134 22%
LPG 7 1%
Other Fuels 0 <1%
Total 613 100%
*The value shown for BBTU of electricity represents only the direct energy content of the electricity itself, not that of fuels used to generate the electricity. An estimated 95 BBTU of coal (4,970 short tons), 2 BBTU of oil (383 barrels), 160 BBTU of natural gas (154,408 million cubic feet), and 2 BBTU of other fossil fuels were used to generate this electricity.

Energy Expenditures By Source

Energy Source Cost %
Electricity $6,482,810 52%
Natural Gas $3,264,175 26%
Fuel Oil $2,586,589 21%
LPG $186,159 1%
Other Fuels N/A N/A
Total $12,519,733 100%

GHG Emissions By Source

Energy Source Emissions (MTCO2e.) %
Electricity 18,064 40%
Natural Gas 16,492 37%
Fuel Oil 9,953 22%
LPG 413 1%
Other Fuels 0 <1%
Total 44,921 100%

Commercial and Industrial Energy Usage and Emissions

For the combined commercial and industry sector, electricity provided the most used energy in terms of BTUs consumed. Commercial and industrial facilities consumed 30,200,000 kWhs or 103 BBTUs of electricity. Electricity was the largest source of Nether Providence Township's GHG emissions by the combined commercial and industrial sector, resulting in 11,500 MTCO2e. of emissions. Of energy sources for which price data was available, electricity consumption resulted in the highest energy expenditures, costing users $2,530,000.

Energy Use By Source

Energy Source Energy Use (BBTUs)* %
Electricity 103 47%
Natural Gas 43 20%
Fuel Oil 68 31%
LPG 3 1%
Other Fuels 0 <1%
Total 217 100%
*The value shown for BBTU of electricity represents only the direct energy content of the electricity itself, not that of fuels used to generate the electricity. An estimated 60 BBTU of coal (3,154 short tons), 1 BBTU of oil (243 barrels), 101 BBTU of natural gas (97,982 million cubic feet), and 1 BBTU of other fossil fuels were used to generate this electricity.

Energy Expenditures By Source

Energy Source Cost %
Electricity $2,532,280 61%
Natural Gas $347,938 8%
Fuel Oil $1,224,424 30%
LPG $42,475 1%
Other Fuels N/A 0%
Total $4,147,117 100%

GHG Emissions By Source

Energy Source Emissions (MTCO2e.) %
Electricity 11,463 60%
Natural Gas 2,314 12%
Fuel Oil 5,060 27%
LPG 177 1%
Other Fuels 0 <1%
Total 19,014 100%

Mobile Energy Usage and Emissions

Vehicles of all kinds, including private passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles, and public transit vehicles, also contribute to energy usage and GHG emissions in Nether Providence Township. Motor gasoline provided the most energy. Motor vehicles with trips either starting or ending in Nether Providence Township* consumed 2,770,000 gallons of motor gasoline, containing 334 BBTUs of energy. This consumption cost users an estimated $8,840,000. Altogether, emissions related to mobile energy use from all sources attributed to Nether Providence Township amounted to 33,300 MTCO2e. from all sources. Note that the electricity use for transportation is an allocated amount of electricity use for rail, not for electric cars.

*Half of each trip originating or terminating in Nether Providence Township was allocated to Nether Providence Township. The remainder was allocated to the municipality at the other end of each trip.

Energy Use By Fuel

Fuel Energy Use (BBTUs)* %
Motor Gasoline 334 78%
Diesel Fuel 87 20%
Electricity 7 2%
Total 428 100%
*The value shown for BBTU of electricity represents only the direct energy content of the electricity itself, not that of fuels used to generate the electricity. An estimated 4 BBTU of coal (200 short tons), 0 BBTU of oil (15 barrels), 6 BBTU of natural gas (6,198 million cubic feet), and 0 BBTU of other fossil fuels were used to generate this electricity.

Energy Expenditures By Fuel

Fuel Expenditures (Dollars)* %
Motor Gasoline 6,992,273 79%
Diesel Fuel 1,847,180 21%
Electricity N/A 0%
Total 8,839,453 100%
*Does not include estimated expenditures for rail transit.

GHG Emissions By Source

Source Emissions (MTCO2e.) %
Mobile Highway 32,555 98%
Mobile Transit 760 2%
Total 33,315 100%

Non-Energy Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Waste management accounted for the largest proportion of Nether Providence Township's non-energy greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, contributing 4,950 MTCO2e. of the muncipality's total emissions.

Agricultural Sources Fugitive Emissions Waste Management Wastewater Management Industrial Processes LULUCF* Total
4 571 4,951 424 0 -3,933 2,017
*Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry